Production, Sampling

How to Assign Sounds To A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio – EASY

Written By : Andrew Siemon

FL Studio is the DAW of choice for beginners to music production, particularly beat-makers. I just finished learning how to assign sounds to a MIDI keyboard in GarageBand, so it only made sense to do the same thing for FL Studio too. Here’s how.

To assign sounds to a MIDI keyboard in FL Studio
1) Drag your sample folder into the FL Studio browser
2) Click Plugins Database > Generators > Drum > FPC
3) Click each pad and delete the sounds on all 16
4) Drag each sample onto the pad
5) Click “MIDI Note” and then the note, ie, C3

Assigning Sounds & Samples to A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio

This is the first time I’ve done an FL Studio tutorial, and I have to say it has a pretty intuitive interface. Everything is streamlined and organized for easy access to files, samples, and other libraries. This is good news for both of us.

That said, as is the case with any other software, finding the proper controls and parameters can be a challenge. After a few hours of messing around, I managed to decipher the brunt of FL Studio’s controls, including toggling the Piano Roll, navigating plugins and instruments, and a few other things.

Here’s a short video showing you how to assign samples:

Here are the steps to assigning samples to a MIDI keyboard in FL Studio – one-by-one. The first thing of note is FL Studio has the file browser open by default. When you boot the application on your computer, the File Browser is to your left.

1) Drag Your Sample Folder Into the FL Studio Browser

Drag Samples - How to Assign Sounds to A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio -SIMPLE
Drag the carefully labeled file folder into the File Browser on the left-hand side of the FL Studio interface. Labeling is essential if you want to find things later. For this tutorial, I used the Cymatics Lo-Fi Kit which I got from their site.

I’ll usually have the Finder on the right side and then the application on the left. I do this so I can see what I’m doing better.

FL Studio’s file browser is the list of instruments, effects, templates, plugins, generators, and sounds on the left-hand side. It’s always sitting there on the left side of the interface unless you remove it.

How you organize your samples, instruments, and sounds is up to you but I prefer to put them on my desktop if I need them right away for something. Another thing I’ll do is put them in my local documents folder. Just ensure they’re not sitting in your iCloud Drive, because it may take extra time to load them in.

Result of Dragging in the File Folder - How to Assign Sounds to A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio -SIMPLE
FL Studio is great at identifying and organizing files when you drop them into the file browser. I didn’t even have to organize them after I dragged them in.

After you’ve dragged in your file containing samples and sounds, FL Studio will miraculously organize them in an easy-to-use way. Click on each one and then you’ll expand the category.

Right-click on the label to either expand it or collapse it. It’s unfortunate GarageBand doesn’t have the capability to do things like this, because I feel like it could be done.

2) Click Plugins Database > Generators > Drum > FPC

FPC in FL Studio - How to Assign Sounds to A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio -SIMPLE
How to get to the FPC in FL Studio: Plugins Database > Generators > Drum > FPC

As the image shows, to bring up the FPC, first, click on Plugins Database. Then, click Generators, Drum, and then FPC. The FPC has to be dragged into the workspace (where the FL Studio logo is sitting).

Once you’ve done that, FL Studio will bring it up, however, you may have to exit out of or minimize your piano roll if you’re in the middle of using it.

To minimize windows in FL Studio, you just click on the “X” or the “-” on the top-right of the window. For the longest time, I couldn’t figure out why the FPC wasn’t appearing after dragging it into the workspace.

Turns out I just had to minimize the piano roll. This is quite a bit different from GarageBand, which has its piano roll on the bottom down where the Smart Controls are (my guide on it here).

The Minimize Window - How to Assign Sounds to the MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio
Use the little “X” pointed out in this image here to exit out of a window in FL Studio

What I found the most difficult about FL Studio is how sounds and files are organized. It’s not that it’s terribly difficult. It’s just that I’m used to the way things look in GarageBand.

For the next part, you have to go through each pad and get rid of the sounds on everyone. It’s pretty straightforward. I’ll show you how to do it now.

3) Click Each Pad and Then Delete the Sounds On All 16

The FPC - How to Assign Sounds to A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio -SIMPLE
The FPC is a software drum machine that allows users to swap out kits and program drum pads (I use the AKAI MPD 226). But it can also be used to program MIDI keyboards as well. Those 16 colorful pads all have samples on them and they have to be deleted.

The FPC is a bit tricky when you’re first beginning, but it isn’t that hard to program either. Essentially, just click on one of the pads and then press the “Delete” button. This will eliminate the audio recording that currently sits on the pad. It’s triggered by the corresponding MIDI note, for example, C2 or D#3.

Deleting Samples in the FPC - How to Assign Sounds to the MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio
Very straight-forward. Just click the pad first and then the “Delete” button until every recording is gone. You’ll know the recording is gone because it won’t make a sound when you click on it anymore.

You’ll want to click the “Delete” button as many times as there are samples on that pad. In some cases, the pad may only have 1 sample on it, but sometimes it could have up to around 4.

4) Drag Each Sample Onto The Pad

Dragging the Kick In - How to Assign Sounds to A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio -SIMPLE
Dragging in the samples onto the MIDI keyboard and drum pad

After deleting the samples on every single drum pad, you can start dragging your own samples and sounds. Click on the folder in the File Browser where your samples are and then simply drag them on top of the pad.

5) Click “MIDI Note” and then the Note, ie, C3

Naming the Samples in the FPC - How to Assign Sounds to A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio -SIMPLE
You can pick and choose a sample for every key of the MIDI keyboard/drum pad. It’s pretty cool.

You’ll want to change the name of the pad as well as the MIDI trigger too. Otherwise, the programming will be annoying. I prefer having the first kick drum at C3, as you can see in the image above. Sometimes I’ll do it with C2 or C1.

From there, I’ll continue up the MIDI keyboard – (the M-Audio Oxygen Pro Series on my Page is the best one to get right now by the way) – until I’ve programmed every single part of the kit to the keyboard/drum pad.

I’ll also make sure to include the sharps as well, rather than avoiding the white keys as some might do. One interesting thing to do is to use the sharps as hi-hats and cymbals and then white keys as drums. Give it a shot.

Another Quick Tip: You can also save your settings with a preset. Right-click the dropdown arrow next to the “Pad 1/32” and then select “Save Preset.” This will save your preset so you don’t have to do the same thing every time you switch to a new instrument or open a new project.

Important Things to Note About Assigning Samples in FL Studio

1) This Works On Older Digital Pianos and Keyboards As Well

For this tutorial, I used a Yamaha PSR-640 released in 1999 and it still worked. I believe as long as your keyboard has MIDI In and Out, you should be able to connect it to your DAW. In some cases, you may have to install a driver but it depends on which audio interface you’re using.

MIDI InOUT - How to Assign Samples To A MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio
Me next to the Yamaha PSR-640. It’s amazing that this old keyboard from 1999 can control FL Studio

Most people prefer the Scarlett 2i2 (on my Page), and for good reason – it works great, although, the latest editions no longer have the necessary MIDI IN-OUT ports on the back. I’m currently using the Presonus Audiobox USB96 (also on my Page) because my Scarlett is at home.

Gear Mentioned

1) M-Audio Oxygen Pro Series

2) AKAI MPD226

3) FL Studio 20

4) Scarlett 2i2

5) Presonus Audiobox USB96

Andrew Siemon is the principal creator of, a website dedicated to all things music, including music production, music theory, recording, and how to use the most popular DAWs. Starting out as a metal guitarist, Andrew has since moved into other areas of music production including hip-hop and fusion

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